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          1. Grammar Q & A Archive--From Pearson Education

            Key-Word Index

            Use this Key-Word Index to find messages in the Grammar Question & Answer Archive. Find a Key Word in the table below and click on it, or scroll through the Index until you find a Key Word of interest. Underneath the Key Word are links that take you directly to a relevant Q & A message.

            A
            a/an
            adjective clauses
            adjective clauses: object pronouns
            adjective clauses, restrictive
            adjectives
            adjectives, order of
            adjectives, possessive
            adverb clauses
            adverb phrases
            adverbs
            adverbs, position of
            agreement
            all
            all right
            already
            American English vs. British English
            among
            analogy
            any
            appostrophe
            appositives
            appositives, and articles
            aren’t I?
            articles: a vs. an
            articles, definite vs. indefinite
            articles, with appositives
            as
            as best you can
            as if
            at
             
            B
            bad vs. badly
            badly vs. strongly
            be
            be going to
            be going to vs. will
            be in vs. be to
            begin vs. start
            below
            besides vs. except
            between
            British English vs. American English
            by
             
            C
            can vs. could
            can, possibility with the future
            chiropractor
            clauses, noun
            cleft sentences
            collaborate
            collective nouns
            commas
            commas, with and
            comparatives
            compared to/with
            comparisons
            conditional sentences
            conjunctions
            conjunctions, subordinating
            contrary-to-fact
            cooperate
            could, possibility with the future
            count/noncount nouns
             
            D
            degrees of certainty
            disappear
            dissertation
            do
            door of vs. door to
             
            E
            etiquette
            English language, importance of
            envious
            eventually
            everyone, everybody
            examples: introducing
            expect (stative verb)
            expressions
            expressions of quality
             
            F
            fewer
            flammable vs. inflammable
            for
            fringe benefits vs. perks
            fruit vs. fruits
            future tenses
            future time
             
            G
            gerunds
            gerunds after verbs
            God bless you
            good vs. well
            grow
             
            H
            have to/must
            how
            how and whether
            I
            I vs. me
            idioms
            if vs. whether
            imperatives
            in
            including
            indicative words
            indirect (reported) speech
            indirect objects
            infinitives
            infinitives, of purpose
            infinitive vs. baseform
            inflammable vs. flammable
            intransitive verbs
            invaluable vs. valuable
            inverted word order
            irregular noun plurals
            irregular verbs
            intensifiers
             
            J
            jealous
            judge
             
            L
            less
            let's
            like
            likewise
             
            M
            mad cow disease
            meanwhile
            medical terms
            me neither
            metaphor
            misplaced modifiers
            modal auxiliaries
            modals
            modifiers
            mood enhancer
            much
            much vs. many
             
            N
            nap
            negatives, plus gerunds
            negative prefixes
            no, not
            none
            nonstandard English
            noun clauses
            nouns
            nouns: collective
            nouns: count/noncount
            nouns, irregular plurals
            nouns, plural
            nouns, possessive
            numbers
             
            O
            objects
            object complements
            obligation, verbs of
            of
            osteopath
            other, forms of
            other times
             
            P
            parallel structure
            parenthetical material, punctuation with
            participial phrases
            past habit
            past participles
            people
            perception, verbs
            perks vs. fringe benefits
            personal pronouns
            phrasal verbs
            plural nouns, irregular
            plural nouns: proper nouns
            police
            possession
            possessive
            prefixes, negative
            prepositional phrases
            prepositions
            prepositions, for
            prepositions, to
            prescriptive grammar
            present perfect
            present perfect progressive vs. present perfect
            present tense: used to express future time
            pronouns
            pronouns, personal
            pronunciation
            pronunciation, of plural nouns
            proverbs
            punctuation
            punctuation, apostrophe
            punctuation, commas
             
             
             
             
             
             
            Q
            quantifiers
            question words
            question words: what
            questions, tag
            quick vs. quickly
            quite
             
            R
            rather
            referee
            reflexive pronouns
            relative clauses
            relative pronouns
            reported (indirect) speech
            reporting verbs
            restrictive clauses
            risk
            run-on sentences
             
            S
            –'s
            say
            sayings
            sentences
            so
            speak
            spelling: with -ed and -ing
            split infinitives
            start vs. begin
            start vs. get started
            stative verbs
            strongly vs. badly
            subject-verb agreement
            subjunctive
            such as
             
            T
            tag questions
            talk
            teaching grammar
            than
            that
            thesis
            to
            to + simple form (infinitive)
            too
            today
            toward or towards
            trip vs. travel
            two-word verbs
             
            U
            umpire
            under
            unrestrictive clauses
            until
            usage questions
            used to
             
            V
            valuable vs. invaluable
            verbs, base form
            verbs, intransitive
            verbs, two words
            verb forms: subjunctive
            verb tenses: future
            verb tenses: past
            verb tenses: present
            verb tenses: present perfect
            verb tenses: present perfect progressive
            verbs
            verbs: gerunds
            verbs, irregular
            verbs, obligation
            verbs of perception
            verbs: parallel structure
            verbs: participles
            verbs, plus gerund
            viscus
             
            W
            want, verb form following
            well vs. good
            wh - words
            what
            what vs. which
            when and where
            whether
            whether vs. if
            which
            which vs. what
            who
            who vs. whom
            will: future
            wish
            word order
            would
            write/read to vs. write/read for
             
            Y
            years
            yet

            a/an

            A or an before h

            adjective clauses

            Adjective clause with preposition

            Sentence type

            Which

            adjective clauses: object pronouns

            Which vs. what

            adective clauses, restrictive

            Restrictive vs. nonrestrictive adjective clause

            adjectives

            朎r added to one-syllable adjectives

            Feel good or feel well?

            Flammable vs. inflammable

            -ic vs. 杋cal endings

            Jealous vs. envious

            Meanwhile and eventually

            Quick vs. quickly

            Quick trained vs. quickly trained

            Valuable vs. invaluable

            adjectives, order of

            Order of adjectives

            adjectives, possessive

            Singular or plural?

            adverb clauses

            By vs. until

            adverb phrases

            Misplaced modifier

            Other times vs. at other times

            adverbs

            Already vs. yet

            Feel strongly and feel badly

            Likewise

            Quick trained vs. quickly trained

            Quite vs. rather

            "Today is very hot"

            adverbs, position of

            Adverbial position

            agreement

            Agreement of personal pronouns with antecedents

            Agreement of subject and verb

            Everyone, everybody, and referents

            Majority/minority: is or are?

            Majority/minority: is or are? (Comment)

            None: singular or plural verb?

            Singular or plural?

            Singular or plural verb

            all

            Of all, in all, or in?

            already

            Already vs. yet

            all right

            Does the word "alright" exist?

            among

            Prepositions: among, between, for, or with?

            American English vs. British English

            Toward or towards

            analogy

            Simile, metaphor, analogy

            any

            Any + other + noun

            Any + singular or plural noun?

            Toward or towards

            apostrophe

            Possessive with apostrophes

            appositives

            "They called him Bill."

            appositives, and articles

            Articles with appositives

            aren’t I?

            Aren抰 I? (vs. Am I not?)?/a>

            Aren抰 I? (vs. 揂mn抰 I?)

            articles: a vs. an

            A or an before h

            articles, definite vs. indefinite

            Police or the police?

            articles, with appositives

            Articles with appositives

            as

            As

            Like vs. as

            Like vs. as (Comment)

            Simile, metaphor, analogy

            as best you can

            As best you can

            as if

            As if

            at

            In or at?

            bad vs. badly

            Feel bad vs. feel badly

            badly vs. strongly

            Feel strongly and feel badly

            be

            Aren抰 I? (vs. 揂mn抰 I?)

            Aren抰 I? (vs. Am I not?)?/a>

            Be to + do

            The word being

            be going to

            Forms for future time

            be going to vs. will

            Will vs. be going to

            begin vs. start

            Start vs. begin

            be in vs. be to

            Have been to/have been in a place

            below

            Under vs. below

            besides vs. except

            Besides vs. except

            between

            Prepositions: among, between, for, or with?

            British English vs. American English

            BrE vs. AmE

            by

            By vs. until

            can vs. could

            Can't have vs. couldn抰 have

            can, possibility with the future

            Can and could with the future

            chiropractor

            Osteopaths and chiropractors

            clauses, noun

            Noun clause as object of the verb

            cleft sentences

            Cleft sentences

            collaborate

            Cooperative and collaborative

            collective nouns

            A or an before h

            Collective nouns (1)

            Collective nouns (2)

            commas

            Commas or no commas

            commas, with and

            Commas with and

            comparatives

            朎r added to one-syllable adjectives

            Than

            compared to/with

            Compared to (with)

            comparisons

            Like vs. as

            Like vs. as (Comment)

            conditional sentences

            As if

            Using will to indicate the price?

            conjunctions

            Commas with and

            If or whether?

            Likewise

            Meanwhile and eventually

            Whether or whether or not

            conjunctions, subordinating

            As

            contrary-to-fact

            I wish she was/were

            cooperate

            Cooperative and collaborative

            could, possibility with the future

            Can and could with the future

            count/noncount nouns

            Business and businesses

            degrees of certainty

            Can't have vs. couldn抰 have

            dissertation

            Thesis vs. dissertation

            do

            He does or he do?

            door of vs. door to

            Prepositions: door to or door of?

            disappear

            Formerly intransitive verbs

            English language, importance of

            Learning English

            envious

            Jealous vs. envious

            etiquette

            Asking about a person's profession

            everyone, everybody

            Everyone, everybody, and referents

            eventually

            Meanwhile and eventually

            examples: introducing

            Including and such as

            expect (stative verb)

            Modals vs. expect to

            expressions

            God bless you

            expressions of quality

            Any + other + noun

            fewer

            Less vs. fewer

            flammable vs. inflammable

            Flammable vs. inflammable

            for

            For + noun

            Indirect objects with to and for

            fringe benefits vs. perks

            Fringe benefits vs. perks

            fruit vs. fruits

            Fruits or fruit?

            future tenses

            Will

            Will vs. be going to

            future time

            Future time expressed with simple present tense

            Forms for future time

            gerunds

            Gerund or infinitive?

            Gerunds, simple and past

            Infinitive or gerund or base form?

            Possessives with gerunds

            The word being

            gerunds after verbs

            Infinitive or gerund or base form?

            Risk + complement

            God bless you

            God bless you

            good vs. well

            Feel good or feel well?

            grow

            Formerly intransitive verbs

            have to/must

            Had to/must in past tense of reported speech

            Had to/must in past tense of reported speech (Comment)

            Have to vs. must

            how

            What vs. how

            What about and how about

            how and whether

            Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

            I vs. me

            I or me

            idioms

            As best you can

            Bound for

            Catch somebody抯 attention

            Ease a severe crisis

            if vs. whether

            If or whether?

            imperatives

            If or whether?

            Tag ending for Let's

            in

            In or at?

            including

            Including and such as

            indicative words

            Who vs. whom

            indirect (reported) speech

            Had to/must in past tense of reported speech

            Had to/must in past tense of reported speech (Comment)

            Reported (indirect) speech (with past tense)

            indirect objects

            Indirect objects

            Indirect objects with to and for

            infinitives

            Gerund or infinitive?

            Infinitive/gerund after like (=such as)

            Split infinitives

            To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

            To as preposition or as part of infinitive

            infinitives, of purpose

            Infinitives (to complete adjectives/to express purpose)

            infinitive vs. baseform

            Infinitive or gerund or base form?

            inflammable vs. flammable

            Flammable vs. inflammable

            intensifiers

            So, too, and much

            intransitive verbs

            Formerly intransitive verbs

            invaluable vs. valuable

            Valuable vs. invaluable

            inverted word order

            Inversion of subject and verb 1

            Inversion of subject and verb 2

            irregular noun plurals

            Genus, plural form

            Viscus and viscera

            irregular verbs

            Hang, past tense

            Irregular verb forms

            jealous

            Jealous vs. envious

            judge

            Judge, referee, and umpire

            less

            Less vs. fewer

            let's

            Tag ending for Let's

            like

            Infinitive/gerund after like (=such as)

            Like vs. as

            Like vs. as (Comment)

            Simile, metaphor, analogy

            like wise

            Likewise

            mad cow disease

            "Mad cow disease"? "BSE"? Which one is correct?

            me neither

            Me neither

            meanwhile

            Meanwhile and eventually

            medical terms

            "Mad cow disease"? "BSE"? Which one is correct?

            metaphor

            Simile, metaphor, analogy

            misplaced modifiers

            Misplaced modifier

            Sentence type

            modals

            Have to vs. must

            Modals vs. expect to

            modal auxiliaries

            Can't have vs. couldn抰 have

            Modal auxiliaries: How to define? How to teach?

            Would

            modifiers

            Misplaced modifier

            Modifiers (how to combine)

            Noun modifiers (trouser press)

            Nouns as modifiers

            mood enhancer

            Enhance

            much

            So, too, and much

            much vs. many

            As much as vs. as many as

            nap

            Nap

            negatives, plus gerunds

            No or not + gerund?

            negative prefixes

            Negative prefixes

            no, not

            No or not + gerund?

            none

            None: singular or plural verb?

            nonstandard English

            He does or he do?

            nonstandard English

            noun clauses

            Noun clause as object of the verb

            Subjunctive in noun clauses

            Wish clauses

            nouns

            Nouns as modifiers

            Noun modifiers (trouser press)

            Trip vs. travel

            nouns: collective

            Collective nouns (1)

            Collective nouns (2)

            Majority/minority: is or are?

            Majority/minority: is or are? (Comment)

            People, singular and plural

            nouns: count/noncount

            Business and businesses

            Fruits or fruit?

            The plurals of fish and fruit

            nouns, irregular plurals

            -f ending of nouns

            nouns, plural

            Apostrophe with "z" ending

            Bowel vs. bowels

            Genus, plural form

            Plural forms — phonetic

            Viscus and viscera

            nouns, possessive

            Possessive nouns

            numbers

            Numbers, pronunciation of years

            object complement

            "They called him Bill."

            objects

            indirect objects

            obligation, verbs of

            Have to vs. must

            of

            of-possessive vs. ?s

            osteopath

            Osteopaths and chiropractors

            other, forms of

            Another and the other

            Any + other + noun

            other times

            Other times or at other times

            parallel structure

            Parallel verbs

            Parallelism

            parenthetical material, punctuation with

            Punctuation with parentheses

            participial phrases

            Compared to (with)

            past habit

            Didn't use to vs. used to not

            past participles

            Payed as past participle

            people

            People, singular and plural

            perception, verbs

            "I saw him jump."

            See somebody DO something vs. See somebody DOING something

            perks vs. fringe benefits

            Fringe benefits vs. perks

            personal pronouns

            I or me

            Who did it? How to answer

            phrasal verbs

            Be to + do

            Have been to/have been in a place

            plural nouns, irregular

            -f ending of nouns

            plural nouns: proper nouns

            Apostrophe with "z" ending

            police

            Police or the police?

            possession

            For + noun

            possessive

            of-possessive vs. ?s

            Possessive nouns

            Possessive with apostrophes

            Possessives with gerunds

            prefixes, negative

            Negative prefixes

            prepositional phrases

            Other times or at other times

            Prepositional phrases梬here they end

            prepositions

            As

            Besides vs. except

            By vs. until

            In or at?

            Of all, in all, or in?

            Other times or at other times

            Prepositions: among, between, for, or with?

            Prepositions: door to or door of?

            Preposition — photo of or photo for us?

            To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

            Toward or towards

            Under vs. below

            prepositions, for

            For + noun

            prepositions, to

            To as preposition or as part of infinitive

            prescriptive grammar

            Prescriptive grammar

            present perfect

            Present perfect

            present perfect progressive vs. present perfect

            Present perfect vs. present perfect progressive

            present tense: used to express future time

            Future time express with simple present tense

            pronouns

            Case of pronouns after than

            Reflexive pronouns (myself)

            Relative pronouns

            Who vs. whom

            pronouns, personal

            I or me

            Me neither

            Who did it? How to answer

            pronunciation

            Numbers, pronunciation of years

            pronunciation, of plural nouns

            Apostrophe with "z" ending

            Plural forms — phonetic

            proverbs

            The world is one's oyster

            punctuation

            Punctuation with parentheses

            punctuation, apostrophe

            Possessive with apostrophes

            punctuation, commas

            Commas or no commas

            Commas with and

            quantifiers

            Any + singular or plural noun?

            As much as vs. as many as

            question words

            What vs. how

            What about and how about

            question words: what

            Asking about a person's profession

            Which vs. what

            questions, tag

            Aren抰 I? (vs. Am I not?)?/a>

            Aren抰 I? (vs. 揂mn抰 I?)

            Question tags: affirmative/affirmative

            Tag ending for Let's

            Tag question: Shall we?

            quick vs. quickly

            Quick vs. quickly

            Quick trained vs. quickly trained

            quite

            Quite vs. rather

            rather

            Quite vs. rather

            referee

            Judge, referee, and umpire

            reflexive pronouns

            Reflexive pronouns (myself)

            relative clauses

            "One of the" in relative clauses: singular or plural verb?

            relative pronouns

            Relative pronouns

            reported (indirect) speech

            Reported (indirect) speech (with past tense)

            Had to/must in past tense of reported speech

            Had to/must in past tense of reported speech (Comment)

            reporting verbs

            Say, tell, speak, talk

            restrictive clauses

            Restrictive vs. nonrestrictive adjective clause

            "One of the" in relative clauses: singular or plural verb?

            risk

            Risk + complement

            run-on sentences

            Sentence type

            –'s

            of-possessive vs. ?s

            say

            "Say, tell, speak, talk"

            sayings

            The world is one's oyster

            sentences

            Cleft sentences

            Sentence type

            so

            So, too, and much

            speak

            Say, tell, speak, talk

            spelling: with -ed and -ing

            Spelling of verbs with 杋ng and -ed

            split infinitives

            Split infinitives

            start vs. begin

            Start vs. begin

            start vs. get started

            Start vs. get started

            stative verbs

            Feel bad vs. feel badly

            strongly vs. badly

            Feel strongly and feel badly

            subject-verb agreement

            Agreement of subject and verb

            Everyone, everybody, and referents

            Majority/minority: is or are?

            Majority/minority: is or are? (Comment)

            None: singular or plural verb?

            Singular or plural?

            Singular or plural verb

            Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

            subjunctive

            I wish she was/were

            such as

            Including and such as

            Infinitive/gerund after like (=such as)

            tag questions

            Aren抰 I? (vs. Am I not?)?/a>

            Aren抰 I? (vs. 揂mn抰 I?)

            Question tags: affirmative/affirmative

            Tag ending for Let's

            Tag question: Shall we?

            talk

            "Say, tell, speak, talk"

            teaching grammar

            Prescriptive grammar

            than

            Case of pronouns after than

            Than

            that

            Which

            Relative pronouns

            thesis

            Thesis vs. dissertation

            to

            Indirect objects with to and for

            To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

            To as preposition or as part of infinitive

            too

            So, too, and much

            to + simple form (infinitive)

            To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

            today

            "Today is very hot"

            toward or towards

            Toward or towards

            trip vs. travel

            Trip vs. travel

            two-word verbs

            Bound for

            umpire

            Judge, referee, and umpire

            under

            Under vs. below

            unrestrictive clauses

            "One of the" in relative clauses: singular or plural verb?

            until

            By vs. until

            usage questions

            BrE vs. AmE

            Does the word "alright" exist?

            Cooperative and collaborative

            Enhance

            Fringe benefits vs. perks

            Grow

            Judge, referee, and umpire

            Jump vs. leap

            Nap

            Osteopaths and chiropractors

            Thesis vs. dissertation

            Toward or towards

            Trip vs. travel

            used to

            Didn't use to vs. used to not

            valuable vs. invaluable

            Valuable vs. invaluable

            verbs, base form

            Infinitive or gerund or base form?

            I wish she was/were

            verbs, intransitive

            Formerly intransitive verbs

            verbs, obligation

            Have to vs. must

            verbs of perception

            "I saw him jump."

            verb forms: subjunctive

            Subjunctive in noun clauses

            verb, plus gerund

            To as preposition or as part of infinitive

            verb tenses: future

            Forms for future time

            Future time expressed with simple present tense

            Using will to indicate the price?

            Will

            Will vs. be going to

            verb tenses: past

            Can't have vs. couldn抰 have

            Didn't use to vs. used to not

            Hang, past tense

            Payed as past participle

            Present perfect vs. past

            Reported (indirect) speech (with past tense)

            verb tenses: present

            Future time express with simple present tense

            verb tenses: present perfect

            Present perfect

            Present perfect vs. past

            Present perfect vs. present perfect progressive

            See somebody DO something vs. See somebody DOING something

            verb tenses: present perfect progressive

            Present perfect vs. present perfect progressive

            verbs, two words

            Bound for

            verbs

            Feel bad vs. feel badly

            Grow

            Jump vs. leap

            Risk + complement

            Singular or plural verb

            Start vs. begin

            Start vs. get started

            Verb form after want

            verbs: gerunds

            "Gerunds, simple and past"

            verbs, irregular

            Hang, past tense

            Irregular verb forms

            verbs: parallel structure

            Parallel verbs

            verbs: participles

            Spelling of verbs with 杋ng and -ed

            viscus

            Viscus and viscera

            want, verb form following

            Verb form after want

            well vs. good

            Feel good or feel well?

            wh- words

            Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

            what

            What vs. how

            What about and how about

            what vs. which

            What or which?

            Which vs. what

            when and where

            Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

            whether

            Whether or whether or not

            whether vs if

            If or whether?

            which

            Adjective clause with preposition

            Which

            which vs. what

            Which vs. what

            who

            Relative pronouns

            Who did it? How to answer

            who vs. whom

            Who vs. whom

            will: future

            Using will to indicate the price?

            Will

            Will vs. be going to

            wish

            Wish clauses

            I wish she was/were

            word order

            Inversion of subject and verb 1

            Inversion of subject and verb 2

            Modifiers (how to combine)

            Order of adjectives

            would

            Would

            write/read to vs. write/read for

            Indirect objects with to and for

            year

            Numbers, pronunciation of years

            yet

            Already vs. yet

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