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          1. The King’s English
             
            H.W. Fowler
             
            The plan for the second edition of the classic reference work The King’s
            English
            was dictated by the following considerations: (1) to pass by all
            rules, of whatever absolute importance, that are shown by observation to
            be seldom or never broken; and (2) to illustrate by living examples, with
            the name of a reputable authority attached to each, all blunders that
            observation shows to be common.
            CONTENTS
            Bibliographic Record    Preface
            SECOND EDITION

            OXFORD: CLARENDON PRESS, 1908
            NEW YORK: BARTLEBY.COM, 1999
             
             
            No levell'd malice
            Infects one comma in the course I hold.
            Timon of Athens, I. i. 48.


            PART I

            Chapter I. Vocabulary
            General Principles
            Familiar and far-fetched words
            Concrete and abstract expression
            Circumlocution
            Short and long words
            Saxon and Romance words
            Requirements of different styles
            Malaprops
            Neologisms
            Americanisms
            Foreign words
            Formation
            Slang
            Individual
            Mutual
            Unique
            Aggravate


            Chapter II. Syntax
            Case
            Number
            Comparatives and superlatives
            Relatives
            Defining and non-defining relative clauses
            That and who or which
            And who, and which
            Case of the relative
            Miscellaneous uses of the relative
            It … that
            Participle and gerund
            Participles
            The gerund
            Distinguishing the gerund
            Omission of the gerund subject
            Choice between gerund and infinitive
            Shall and will
            The pure system
            The coloured-future system
            The plain-future system
            Second-person questions
            Examples of principal sentences
            Substantival clauses
            Conditional clauses
            Indefinite clauses
            Examples of subordinate clauses
            Perfect infinitive
            Conditionals
            Doubt that
            Prepositions


            Chapter III. Airs and Graces
            Certain types of humour
            Elegant variation
            Inversion
            Exclamatory
            Balance
            In syntactic clauses
            Negative, and false-emphasis
            Miscellaneous
            Archaism
            Occasional
            Sustained
            Metaphor
            Repetition
            Miscellaneous
            Trite phrases
            Irony
            Superlatives without the
            Cheap originality


            Chapter IV. Punctuation
            General difficulties
            General principles
            The spot plague
            Over-stopping
            Under-stopping
            Grammar and punctuation
            Substantival clauses
            Subject, &c., and verb
            Adjectival clauses
            Adverbial clauses
            Parenthesis
            Misplaced commas
            Enumeration
            Comma between independent sentences
            Semicolon with subordinate members
            Exclamations and statements
            Exclamations and questions
            Internal question and exclamation marks
            Unaccountable commas
            The colon
            Miscellaneous
            Dashes
            General abuse
            Legitimate uses
            Debatable questions
            Common misuses
            Hyphens
            Quotation marks
            Excessive use
            Order with stops
            Single and double
            Misplaced
            Half quotation


            PART II

            Some less important chapters had been designed on Euphony, Ambiguity, Negligence, and other points. But as the book would with them have run to too great length, some of the examples have been simply grouped here in independent sections, with what seemed the minimum of comment.

            Euphony
            1. Jingles
            2. Alliteration
            3. Repeated prepositions
            4. Sequence of relatives
            5. Sequence of that, &c.
            6. Metrical prose
            7. Sentence accent
            8. Causal as clauses
            9. Wens and hypertrophied members
            10. Careless repetition

            Quotation, &c.
            1. Common misquotations
            2. Uncommon misquotations of well-known passages
            3. Misquotation of less familiar passages
            4. Misapplied and misunderstood quotations and phrases
            5. Allusion
            6. Incorrect allusion
            7. Dovetailed and adapted quotations and phrases
            8. Trite quotation
            9. Latin abbreviations, &c.

            Grammar
            1. Unequal yokefellows and defective double harness
            2. Common parts
            3. The wrong turning
            4. Ellipse in subordinate clauses
            5. Some illegitimate infinitives
            6. Split infinitives
            7. Compound passives
            8. Confusion with negatives
            9. Omission of as
            10. Other liberties taken with as
            11. Brachylogy
            12. Between two stools
            13. The impersonal one
            14. Between … or
            15. A placed between the adjective and its noun
            16. Do as substitute verb
            17. Fresh starts
            18. Vulgarisms and colloquialisms

            Meaning
            1. Tautology
            2. Redundancies
            3. As to whether
            4. Superfluous but and though
            5. If and when
            6. Maltreated idioms
            7. Truisms and contradictions in terms
            8. Double emphasis
            9. Split auxiliaries
            10. Overloading
            11. Demonstrative, noun, and participle or adjective

            Ambiguity
            1. False scent
            2. Misplacement of words
            3. Ambiguous position
            4. Ambiguous enumeration

            Style
            1. Antics
            2. Journalese
            3. Somewhat, &c.
            4. Clumsy patching
            5. Omission of the conjunction that
            6. Meaningless while
            7. Commercialisms
            8. Pet Phrases
            9. Also as conjunction; and &c.

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            Luxi ELT, All Rights Reserved

              
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